Treehoppers and Planthoppers

Common Spittlebug
Black Spittlebug 
Cicadellidae - Leafhoppers
Mottled White Leafhopper
Black Leafhopper
Yellow and Black Leafhopper
Brown Leafhopper1
Brown Leafhopper 2 
Common Jassid
Two-lined Gum-treehopper
Punctata Gum-treehopper
Pulchra Gum-treehopper
Mottled-brown Treehopper
Yellow-brown Treehopper
She-oak Treehopper
Paperbark Treehopper 
Penthimiin Leafhopper 

Lantana Treehopper
Banksia Treehopper
Green Horned Treehopper
Tri-horned Treehopper

Cixiid Planthopper 1
Cixiid Planthopper 2
Cixiid Planthopper 3
Fulgoridae- Lantern Flies
Green and Black Lantern Fly 1
Green and Black Lantern Fly 2
Long0nosed Lantern fly
Issid Planthopper
Mango Planthopper
Pink Planthopper
Green Mottled Planthopper 
Eurybrachyid Biology 
Green Red Wattle Hopper
Green Face Gum Hopper
Eye-patterned Gum Hopper 1
Eye-patterned Gum Hopper 2
White-marked Gum Hopper 1
White-marked Gum Hopper 2
Ripple-marked Gum Hopper
Spider-face WattleHopper
Green Face WattleHopper
Dardus Wattle Hopper
Unknown Eurybrachyid
Palm Planthopper 
Passion-vine Hopper
Brown Ricaniid Planthopper

Other Hoppers


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Banksia Treehopper - Crito festivus

Family Membracidae

This page contains pictures and information about Banksia Treehoppers that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.

Body length 7-10mm
Mid summer in Alexandra Hill, all the Swamp Banksia plants had the new shots. On every new shot there were the treehoppers. Those Banksia Treehoppers were black in colour with bright orange and yellow on their body and wings. The black pronotum extending back over the abdomen and cover between wings. 
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The insects mimic the leaf buds of the plants so they hardly be noticed. They insert their mouth part into the young stem and suck the plants juice. 
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The black pronotum extends from head to back over the abdomen. It gives the protection from head to tail. When disturbed, they first move to the other side of the stem. If we put a figure close to them, they jump away with a 'click' sound. 
In most other treehopper species, adult and nymph can be found feeding on the same plant. We tried to find the nymph and see how they look like. We looked for most of the plants and did not find any. This species could have the annual life cycle. To see their nymph we need to come back earlier next year. 
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What we did find was the empty shell as shown above. It was a Banksia Treehopper adult coming out from the last instars shell but part of the body was missing. We guessed the treehopper was attacked by predator during its last molting. 

In Jan 2009, we find this treehopper in the bushland near Tingalpa Reservoir. They are also found on Swamp Banksia. Those found in this area were a little bit smaller with colour slightlt different, could be different species.  
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Most other treehoppers jump then fly in a straight line. This treehopper also jump but fly in a small circle, like a fly, although they only fly for one to two seconds.  

The Host Plant

Swamp Banksia, Broad-leaved Banksia
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Banksia robur, family Proteaceae 
The insects feed on the Banksia by sucking juice from the plant's young shot, however, we did not notice any damage to the plants.
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The plants can be found in Alexandra Hill and Karawatha Forest, which usually grow in large group.  Each plant is about one meter high. The plant has larger leaves than other Banksia species. Flowers are greenish-yellow in colour. 

Reference and link:
1. Crito festivus - Fletcher, M.J. and Larivière, M.-C. (2001 and updates).
2. Wild Plants of Greater Brisbane -  Queensland Museum, 2003, p57. 


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Last updated: July 06, 2009.