Day Moths 
Wattle Goat Moth
Dog-faced Bell Moth
Mottled Bell Moth
Hopper-mimicking Moth
Golden Brown Leafroller
Leafroller Caterpillars
Sun Moths
Golden Metalmark Moth
Metallica Moth 
Forester Moths
Wattle Cup Caterpillar
Mottled Cup Moth
Black Slug Cup Moth
Four-spotted Cup Moth  
Green Slug Caterpillar  
Fern Cup Moth  
Unknown in this Group


Leafrollers, Bell Moths - Family TORTRICIDAE

Order Lepidoptera

This page contains pictures and information about Leafrollers and Bell Moths that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
Tortricidae is the only family in superfamily Tortricoidea.
Most Caterpillars in Tortricidae are called Leafrollers because they roll the leaves of their food plant and fixed with silk. They live and pupate within this rolled leaf shelter. Some other species are leaf miners or stem borers. Some others feed on dead leaves on the forest floor.
The Caterpillars are usually small and smooth-skinned. They usually have pale body colours with dark head. The head look like finger-nail attached to body. They will do the bungee-jump, i.e., drop with a silken thread, when disturbed. 
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The moths in this family are usually small (body length 6-20mm) and have cryptic colours brown or grey. Head has small maxillary palps and the frons has scales directed forwards. The antenna are relatively short, about half the body length. The thorax often has a crest of raised scales.
Some species adults, the subfamily TORTRICINAE, are called Bell Moths. Those moths, when in rest, have the shape of  church bell. Their forewings have the rather squared ends. 
They usually hide amongst the foliage of their food plants or on the coarse bark of trees during the day. They active after late afternoon. 


Dog-faced Bell Moth
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Acroceuthes metaxanthana, body length 10mm
There is the dog face pattern on this Bell Moth's forewings, with eyes, nose and ears. We call this moth Dog-faced Bell Moth. Please check this page for more information.
Mottled Bell Moth
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Meritastis polygraphana, body length 6mm 
From reference information the patterns on the wings of this tiny moth vary quite a bit. Please check this page for more information.


Hopper-mimicking Leaf Roller Moth
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Dudua siderea (former Argyroploce siderea), body length 10mm
Photos taken in Anstead Forest on Apr 2009. Does this moth mimic planthopper? The faked head is on the other side of the real head. There are even the faked legs near the base. What is the benefit of mimicking a planthopper? Well, please check this page for more details. 
Golden Brown Leaf Roller Moth
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? Cryptophlebia sp., body length 6mm
This tiny colourful moth was found in Karawatha Forest Lagoon Track on Apr 2009. Please check this page for more information.
Bird-dropping Leaf Roller
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? sp., body length 10mm 
Leafroller Caterpillars
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? sp., Body length 20mm
We believe those caterpillars listed in this page are Leafroller Caterpillars in Family TORTRICIDAE, but do not know which species they are.

1. Insects of Australia - CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, p873. 
2. Moths of Australia - I. F. B. Common, Melbourne University Press, 1990, p274.
3. Moths - family Tortricidae -  - by Nick Monaghan.
4. Tortricidae - Insects of Townsville, Australia - Graeme Cocks. 
5. TORTRICIDAE of Australia - by Don Herbison-Evans & Stella Crossley, 2008. 
6. Home of -, by Todd Gilligan, 2008.

Up ] COSSIDAE ] [ TORTRICIDAE ] CASTNIIDAE ] CHOREUTIDAE ] ZYGAENIDAE ] LIMACODIDAE ] Unknown Caterpillars and Moths in this Group ]

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Last updated: August 13, 2011.