This page contains pictures and information about Tiger Moths in Family Arctiidae and Aganaidae that we found in
the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
- Typical Tiger Moth caterpillar, length 40mm
- Moth families Arctiidae and Aganaidae are closely related,
sometimes Aganaidae is put under Arctiidae as the subfamily. Many species retain distasteful or poisonous chemicals acquired from
host plants. Caterpillars acquire these chemicals, and retain them in the adult stage.
Adults may pass those chemical to their eggs as well. The moths and
caterpillars advertise these defences with aposematic bright coloration.
- The adult moths
in this two families are usually brightly in orange, yellow, white and black
warning colours. They are either distasteful to predators or mimics of
distasteful species. They are from small to medium in size. They held the antennae out from head
when resting. Their abdomen usually striped with black and yellow-red colour. The stripes
give rise to the name "Tiger Moths". They are poisonous and
distasteful to predators. Most of them are active during
Caterpillars of the two families are covered in sparse dark hairs, which
gives them the name "Woolly Bears". The hairs can cause irritation
sensitive skin. The caterpillars are small to medium in size. The caterpillars
usually active during daytime and feed openly.
make flimsy cocoon covered with larval hairs and little silks. They may be
found on bark, leaves or on soils.
- Family Arctiidae
- Tiger Moth
- Most Caterpillars of the ARCTIIDAE are covered in dense
dark hairs. The caterpillars are small to
The adults usually have
bright warning colour patterns, which are spotted in red, orange, black or
white. Their abdomen usually striped with black and yellow-red colour.
- Family Aganaidae - Tropical
- This family is very closely related with family Arctiidae and
sometimes put as its sub-family.
- Followings are Tiger Moth Caterpillars that yet to be identified. Please
advise if you known what
- Here we would like to thank Don Herbison-Evans for his
kindly advices on the identity of some caterpillars and adults in our web site.
Caterpillars web site is our major reference.
- 1. Insects
of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University
Press, 2nd Edition 1991, p908.
- 2. Moths
of Australia - I. F. B. Common, Melbourne University Press,
- 3. Moths
of Australia - Bernard D'Abrera, Lansdowne Press, Melbourne, 1974, p72.
- 4. A
Guide to Australian Moths - Paul Zborowski, Ted Edwards, CSIRO
PUBLISHING, 2007, p181.
- 5. Northern
Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009.
- 6. Moths
of Victoria: part two, Tiger moths and allies Noctuoidea (A) - Peter
Marriott, Entomological Society of Victoria, 2009.
- [ Family Arctiidae ] [ Family Aganaidae ] [ Unknown Tiger Moth Caterpillars ]
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