- This page contains pictures and information about Tiger Moths that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
Moths are small to medium in size. They usually have
bright warning colour patterns, which are spotted in red, orange, black or
white. Their stout abdomen usually striped with black and yellow-red colour. The stripes give rise to the name "Tiger Moths".
They are either distasteful or to predator or are mimic of distasteful species. Some even produce foul
- Most Tiger
Moths fly at night but some are day-fliers. They
do not fly very fast.
- Most Caterpillars of the Arctiidae are covered in dense
dark hairs, which gives them the name "Woolly Bears". The hairs can
cause irritation in sensitive skin. The caterpillars are small to
medium size. The caterpillars usually
active during the daytime. If disturbed, they will roll into a tight spiral.
- Most Arctiidae caterpillars feed on herbaceous plants and easy to rear.
Some are feed on mosses and algae, which they need more
moisture environment. They pupate in a loosen silken cocoon made of their
hairs and other plants materials.
are three subfamilies in Australia, the Arctiinae,
Lithosiinae and Ctenuchinae.
- Arctiinae Moths are active during the day. They often have very variable
colour and pattern on wings. Most of them have colour bands on abdomen. They
are medium to large in size with fairly broad wings. Arctiinae Caterpillars are medium to large size, with dense hairs,
usually feed on low-growing herbaceous plants.
- Lichen Moth adults are small to medium size, usually with slender body and
narrow wings. They do not have the segmental pattern on abdomen. When rest,
some of those moths wrap its forewings around its abdomen. Lichen Moth caterpillars usually have less dense hair than the
caterpillars in Arctiinae. They feed on
lichens, algae or moss.
- Adults in Ctenuchinae are small to medium in size. Their abdomen are
usually banded with black and orange colours. This is the warning colours of
they are poisonous or distasteful if eaten. They are active during the day. The caterpillars in Ctenuchinae are usually covered with uniform dark
hairs. Most of them are active during the day. They pupate in cocoon made of
silk and their hairs.
- 1. Insects
of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University
Press, 2nd Edition 1991, p908.
- 2. ARCTIIDAE - Some Australian Moths from South-East Queensland, Ian McMillan, 2006.
- 3. Moths
of Australia - I. F. B. Common, Melbourne University Press,
- 4. Moths
of Victoria: part two, Tiger moths and allies Noctuoidea (A) - Peter
Marriott, Entomological Society of Victoria, 2009.
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