Looper Moths
Bracken Fern Geometrid Moth
Dry Leaf Looper Moth
Bark Looper Moth
Cleora Looper Moth
Sinister Moth
Wattle Bark Moth
Black Looper 
Twig Caterpillars
Pink Bellied Moth
Fallen Bark Looper
Grey Geometrid Moth
Triangular Geometrid Moth
Looper Caterpillars
White Looper Moth
Common Brown Looper Moth
Green Looper Moth
Redlined Looper Moth
Gumtree Bizarre Looper Moth
Banded Carpet Moth I
Banded Carpet Moth II
Banded Carpet Moth III
Green and Brown Carpet Moth
Carpet Moth Caterpillars 


Twig Caterpillars - Subfamily Ennominae

Family Geometridae 

This page contains pictures and information about Moths and Caterpillars in subfamily Ennominae that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
Twig Caterpillar 
Ennominae is the largest subfamily in Geometridae. 
Most Caterpillars in this subfamily are resemblance to dead twigs or other parts of their food plants. Although most caterpillars in family Geometridae have only two pairs of prolegs, caterpillars in this subfamily may have up to four pair of prolegs.
The adult moths are active at night. Most of then are mottled grey or dark brown in colours, with transverse lines across on both wings. There are some mottled on the fore wings only.

Bracken Fern Geometrid Moth
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Idiodes apicata, body length 15mm 
This is a very variable species with or without small spots and with or without an oblique line from the apex of fore wing to the inner margin of hind wing. Their looper caterpillars have only 4 prolegs. They are brown in colour with light and dark markings. They feed on Bracken Fern Pteridium esculentum. Please check this page for more information.
Dry Leaf Geometrid Moth
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? Idiodes siculoides, body length 15mm
The moth was found resting on forest floor. It was hard to be seen for its camouflaged dry leaf colours. Both moths were found in Karawatha Forest on July 2007. Please check this page for more information.
Bark Looper Moth
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Ectropis subtinctaria, wingspan 40mm
Picture taken in Karawatha Forest on Nov 2006. This moth was hiding under leaf during the day. Also found resting outside our window at night on Nov 2007. Their caterpillars feed on different native plants include Eucalyptus, Leptospermum, Acacia and Bursaria. Please check this page for more information.
Cleora Looper Moth
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Cleora illustraria, wingspan 50mm
We found this moth rested on our windows in a late summer day. The larva is the typical looper caterpillar form. It is uniformly brown in colour with a smooth but wrinkled skin. Please check this page for more information.
Sinister Moth, Brown Looper
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Male wingspan 50mm                                          Female wingspan 50mm                                        Caterpillar 50mm
Pholodes sinistraria
We found this moth in our backyard. Their caterpillars are are dark green with white bands between the segments when small. They become brown in later stages. They feed on different of garden plants and trees in the bush. Click here for more information.
Wattle Bark Moth
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? Scioglyptis sp., wingspan 40mm
Pictures taken in Alexandra Hill during early winter. The moth was hiding on the bark of a wattle tree. Its camouflaged colours made it hard to be seen. Please visit this page for more information.
Black Looper
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Hyposidra talaca, caterpillar length 20mm 
This Black Looper Caterpillar has only two pairs of prolegs. It is black in colour with white dots. The moths are brown in colours with pointed wings. Please check this page for more infromation. 
Unknown Twig Caterpillars
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? sp., length 20mm to 40mm
We believe all the caterpillars we put in this page are in subfamily Ennominae, although we did not find out their ID yet.

1. Moths of Australia - I. F. B. Common, Melbourne University Press, 1990, p359.
2. A Guide to Australian Moths - Paul Zborowski, Ted Edwards, CSIRO PUBLISHING, 2007, p137. 
3. Northern Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009.
4. ENNOMINAE in Australia - Don Herbison-Evans & Stella Crossley, 2011.  


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Last updated: September 04, 2011.