Home
 
Beetles

CARABIDAE
Tree Trunk Tiger Beetle I
Tree Trunk Tiger Beetle II
Longicorn Ground Beetle
Black Ground Beetle 

STAPHYLINIDAE
Rove Beetles 

Scarabaeoidea
LUCANIDAE
Golden Stag Beetle
SCARABAEIDAE
Scarab Beetles

BUPRESTIDAE
Jewel Beetles

Elateroidea
EUCNEMIDAE
False Click Beetles
ELATERIDAE
Click Beetles 
LYCIDAE
Lycid Beetles
CANTHARIDAE
Soldier Beetles

ANOBIIDAE
Spider Beetle 

CLERIDAE
Clerid Beetles
MELYRIDAE
Red and Blue Beetle
Red Soft-winged Beetle
Yellow Soft-winged Beetle

NITIDULIDAE
Sap Beetles
LANGURIIDAE
Lizard Beetles

COCCINELLIDAE 
Ladybird Beetles 

Tenebrionoidea
MORDELLIDAE
Pintail Beetles
RHIPIPHORIDAE
Wedge-shaped Beetles TENEBRIONIDAE
Darkling Beetles
OEDEMERIDAE
Pollen Beetles
MELOIDAE
Blister Beetles  

CERAMBYCIDAE
Longicorn Beetles
CHRYSOMELIDAE 
Leaf Beetles  

Curculionoidea
BELIDAE
Belid Weevils
CURCULIONIDAE
True Weevil

Other Beetle Families 

                                               

Beetles - Order Coleoptera

This page contains pictures and information about Beetles that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
 
Largest Beetle we found - in Oxenford, on the way to Tamborine National Park.
 
 
 
Beetles, order Coleoptera, is the largest and most diverse order of insects. Their size is ranges from 0.5mm to 200mm. J.B.S. Haldane's famous comment on beetles has been quoted many times. During a lecture on the biological aspects of space flight given in 1951. Haldane remarked that "the Creator, if He exists, has a special preference for beetles, and so we might be more likely to meet them than any other type of animal on a planet that would support life". 
 
DSC_0288.jpg (321981 bytes)
A large Beetle in Mt Coot-tha. 
 
We have the discussions on why insects, especially beetles, are so success below.
 
wpe8.jpg (25102 bytes) wpe6.jpg (24915 bytes)
Coleoptera means ‘sclerotised wings’.                                                                                              Cowboy Beetle - common in Brisbane summer.  
 
All beetles have hard forewings, called elytra, which do not do much help in flying but cover the membranous hind wings and protect the abdomen. Some beetles do not fly but some others fly very fast. When flying the hind wings extended to the fright position. The forewings, or elytra, are lift up vertically or in side way, which is believed will have some aerodynamic effect on the fright. When at rest, the elytra meet edge to edge in a straight line at the centre over the abdomen. The hind wings are neatly folded under the elytra.
 
The beetles are usually bright in colour. They are complete metamorphosis. The adults are usually feed on nectar and pollen. Some are feed on plants leave. Larva may be found underground or under the bark of living trees.  

Classification :

There are more than a hundred families of beetles in Australia. We listed  here with the most common species and those easily found in Brisbane. We will gradually increase the species and families in the list, with more pictures and information. Please come back and check our web site from time to time.
 

Caraboidea 

Family CARABIDAE - Ground Beetles
Beetles in this family usually have a flat body. They have long legs and running fast. Most of them are predators with prominent mandibles and palps, They hunt for small insects either on ground or on tree trunks. Some of them are flightless.
 

Staphylinoidea

Family Staphylinidae - Rove Beetles
Staphylinidae is a large family although we seldom see them. They are from very small to small size. They are either predators or carrion feeder live in soil and leaf litter. Usually they are elongate and half of their abdomen is exposed. The larvae are active with fully developed legs. 
 

Scarabaeoidea  

Family LUCANIDAE - Stag Beetle 
The male in this family is usually larger than the female. Male and female look quite different. Male often has the mandibles greatly enlarged and prolonged forwards, i.e., their common name Stag Beetle. Some adult beetles do not feed while some feed on flowers.
 
  
Family SCARABAEIDEA - Scarab Beetles
The beetles in this family are usually medium to large size, occasionally with bright colour. They have distinctive lamellate antennae which can open like a small fan or close tightly. Adults beetles usually feed on leaves and flowers. 
 
 

Buprestoidea

Family BUPRESTIDAE - Jewel Beetles
Jewel Beetles can normally be seen feeding nectar on flowers in bush during a sunny day. Some Jewel Beetles are leaves feeder. Their body is elongated and flattened. They are brightly coloured and often have a metallic sheen which make their common name Jewel Beetles.
 

Elateroidea 

Family Eucnemidae - False Click Beetles
Beetles in this family look like the Click Beetle but may or may not have the click mechanism. Their body is elongated and slightly flattened, from small to medium size. The eyes are usually large with the antennae are inserted some distance from the eyes.
 
 
Family Elateridae - Click Beetles 
Beetles in this family are elongated form, with acute hind angles on prothorax and a clicking mechanism enabling them to jump by sudden movement of prothorax and hind body.
 
 
 
FAMILY LYCIDAE - Lycid Beetles
Lycid Beetles are elongated beetles and may be found on flowers or on plant surfaces. Some species adults are nectar-feeders, some are not feed at all. Their head is usually triangular in shape. Antennae are medium long and thick. Larvae can be found under bark or in leaf litter. 
 
 
Family CANTHARIDAE - Soldier Beetles
Beetles in this family are usually small in size, brown and yellow in colour. Adults bodies are soft, flat and long. Their antenna are filiform. They are abundant on flowers and foliage where they feed on nectar, pollen, or other insects. Larvae of most species are carnivorous, a few species feed on plants.
 
 

Bostrichoidea

Family Anobiidae - Furniture Beetles
Beetles in this family are usually small in size. Some resemble spiders. Larvae are wood borer. They bore into wood or bark of dead trees. Some are considered as pest of furniture and timber industry.
 
 

Cleroidea 

Family Cleridae - Clerid Beetles
The beetle has large eyes and bright yellow antenna. Its large and strong mandible suggested it is a predator. Its wing covers are black in colour with pink at the back, separated by a white line across. 
 
 
 
Family Melyridae - Pollen Beetles
The beetles are partly predacious. They search over plants during the day. They eat eggs, larvae and other slow-moving insects. On rice crops, they have been found feeding on pollen. The egg, larval and pupa stages are in the soil.
 
 

Cucujoidea 

Family Nitidulidae - Sap Beetles
We sometimes found this black little beetle in Hibiscus flowers in our backyard.
 
 
 
Family Languriidae - Lizard Beetles
Beetles in this family are usually narrowly elongated, slightly flattened, metallic, black and reddish brown in colours. Their head is relatively large. Larvae are not known but believed are stem-borers. 
 
 
 
Family COCCINELLIDAE - Ladybirds
They are also known as Ladybugs or Lady Beetles. Adults are oval in shape, body length from 1 mm to10 mm. Like all beetles, their hard forewings cover the membranous hind wings and protect the abdomen. Legs and clubbed antenna are short, which can be hidden beneath their bodies.
 

Tenebrionoidea 

Family Mordellidae - Pintail Beetles
We found only one species in this family.
 
 
 
Family Rhipiphoridae - Wedge-shaped Beetles 
Most beetles in this family have body in wedge shape but do not have prolonged abdominal apex as as Mordellidae. Their larvae are parasitic on other insects, including cockroaches, wood-boring beetles and wasps.
 
 
Family TENEBRIONIDAE 
Beetles in this family are usually black or brown in colour, highly variable in shape. Their antenna are medium length. They feed on variety of dead materials of plants and fungal.
 
 
Family Oedemeridae - Pollen-feeding Beetles
Adults Oedemerids feed on pollen and can be found on flowers and leaves. They have elongated and parallel-sided slender body and usually with mouth parts expanded. The antennae are long and in filiform. They are from small to medium size.
 
 
Family Meloidae - Blister Beetles
Beetles in this small family are usually bicoloured with bright colours. Their head is strongly constricted behind eyes to form narrow neck. The thorax is usually narrow as well. They have long snout for flower-visiting, typical of pollen feeders. Their eggs are lay on flowers and larvae are parasitoids of bees.
 
 

Chrysomeloidea  

Family CERAMBYCIDAE - Longicorn Beetles
All members in this family commonly call Longicorn Beetle. They have very long antennae, more than two-thirds, some are even three times as their body length. Their antenna can directed backwards over their body. Their compound eyes are notched at the base of the antennae.
 
 
Family CHRYSOMELIDAE - Leaf Beetles
Most species of this family feed on leaves. Leaf beetles adults range from 5 to 15 mm in length and are brightly coloured. They have different body shapes from flattened to globular. Their antenna usually less than half the length of their bodies.
 
 

Curculionoidea

Family BELIDAE - Belid Weevils
This is a small family very close related with the true weevil. Their antenna is straight, not elbowed and not clubbed. Their body is elongated and in cylindrical form. Likes the true weevils, their rostrum is usually very long. Adults and larvae are feed on plants. Their larvae are known to bore into stems and branches.
 
 
Family CURCULIONIDAE - True Weevils
Weevil adults characterized by the elongation of the front part of their head and mouths. Their antennae usually elbowed and clubbed. They usually have rigid bodies less than 10mm, although the largest can be up to 60mm. All of them are plant feeders.
 
 

 
Other Families - There are some more beetle in this page, some of them we need your help to identify.
 

 


Questions for Discussion

Why beetles are so success?


Beetles may be success in number of species, but not quite when counting the number of individual. When we go out to the field, usually you will see a lot of ants, moths, flies, and grasshoppers. If you visit some special place, such as pond, rivers, flower plants, forest, etc, you may easily found the dragonflies, butterflies etc. But to find a beetle may not so easily. Instead of saying beetle is a success family, I will say they have the most number of species in their order. So the correction question should be: Why there are so many species of beetles?


I think of the following reasons;
 
1. The ways that we classified all different species of beetles as one order may be not fair. When comparing beetles with other orders of insects, I think we put two many different families into one Coleoptera Order. We put every insects with hard forewings into Coleoptera Order. If we put grasshoppers, stick insects, mantids and cockroaches in different orders, why do we put ladybird beetles, scarab, longicorn, weevil in one order?

2. Beetles evolved in flowering season. By the help of insects, plants invented their important organ -  flower. The insects not only consume the plants but co-evolutes with them and help plants to develop. When flowers first appeared on earth, it was also beetles first appear on earth. Beetles were not necessary depend on flowers for food, however, flowers provides food for beetles and let them to help for pollination. Flowers and beetles both benefited form each other. Beetle species become the largest number order in Insects.
 
wpe6.jpg (43426 bytes) wpe19.jpg (37935 bytes) DSC_1324.jpg (230072 bytes)
 
3. Beetle specialized in food and live in isolated environment. After long time of separations, different group of beetles become different species.

4. Beetles are among the first group of insect who gain the benefit of complete metamorphosis, i.e., they develop from eggs, larva, pupa to adult. They have two completely different body shape and there are a lot of advantages.  Those include adults and larvae not necessary to complete for the same food and living resources, adapt to different conditions due to seasonal changes, and to avoid predators in different stage.

We would like to thank Justin Bartlett in Brisbane for he constantly sends us email and helps us identify some of the beetle species in this web site.


view list of all member sites
This web site is a member of
The Beetle Ring
VIEW LIST OF ALL MEMBER SITES

Reference:
1. A Bit About Beetles In Brisbane - Geoff Monteith, Save Our Waterways Now, 2006.
2. Insects of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, p 543. 
3. A guide to the Genera of Beetles of South Australia Part.1-8 - Matthews, E.G. 1987-2002.
4. A Guide to the Beetles of Australia - George Hangay and Paul Zborowski, CSIRO PUBLISHING April 2010. 
5. Northern Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009. 
Back to Top
                                                

See us in our Home page. Download large pictures in our Wallpaper web page. Give us comments in our Guest Book, or send email to us. A great way to support us is to buy the CD from us.  
Last updated: April 16, 2011.