This page contains pictures and information about Crane Flies in family Tipulidae
that we found
in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
- Flies in this family look like giant mosquitoes
(mosquitoes are not that large). They are extremely long-legged and long-winged with slender
body. However, not like mosquitoes, they do not feed
on blood. Crane flies only drink water but not feed at adult stage.
- Crane Fly also called 'Daddy-long-legs', with long and thin legs. Their
legs are not for walking but to hang from plants.
Also notice the hind
wings are reduce to the club-shaped halteres, which is the characteristic of
flies. For some species, males have the much longer antenna.
Flies do not have ocelli. The mesonotum has transverse V-shaped suture. They can be recognized by the wing veins with two distinct anal veins. Rs
often 4-branched. Sc usually
ending in R, m-cu meeting M3+4 close to its fork. Cu is angular at m-cu. When
rest, the fly hold their wings open at right angle to the body. There is the V-shaped suture on thorax. The ocelli are
- Crane Fly usually found in moisture area. They are
found resting on plants, overhanging in damp shady places. Some like to rest
on spider webs.
- Crane Fly larvae of most
species live in fresh water, damp soil or rotting plants. They feed on decaying vegetable
- In Australia we have only one subfamily Tipulinae in
- DCX Crane Fly
- Dolichopeza (Dolichopeza) sp., body length 15mm
- This Crane Fly has the very long and slender legs. We call this DCX
Crane Fly because it is Discal-cell-X, discal cell missing on wings. Please
check this page for more information.
- Crystal-wing Crane Fly
- Megistocera filipes fuscana, body length 20mm
- We recognized this Crane Fly by its very long slender legs. Wings are
crystal clear with brown stigma and a very small discal cell. Male with
antenna 5 times the body length. Please check this page
for more information.
- Tiger Crane Fly
- Nephrotoma australasiae, body length 15mm
- This large Crane Fly is common in Brisbane forest. They have yellow body with black
bands on abdomen, slender body and very long legs. Notice the 'V' shape
pattern on its thorax. More pictures and information please click on here.
- Leptotarsus is a large genus in Australia Crane Fly Family. They
can be recognized by the short rostrum (same as head length) with simple
antenna, legs are long and slender. Abdomen is usually shorter than wings. We
found quite a number of species in Leptotarsus.
Please check this page for details.
- 1. Insects
of Australia - CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University
Press, 2nd Edition 1991, p740.
- 2. Insects of Australia and New Zealand - R. J. Tillyard, Angus
& Robertson, Ltd, Sydney, 1926, p348.
- 3. Crane Fly Identification Keys -
Crane Flies (Diptera: Tipulidae) of Pennsylvania - Chen W. Young,
Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, 2009
- 4. Family TIPULIDAE - Australian Biological Resources Study, Australian Faunal Directory.
- 5. The Tipulidae (Diptera) of Australia I. A review of the genera of the subamily Tipulinae - NV Dobrotworsky, 1968, Australian Journal of Zoology 16(3) 459 - 494.
- 6. On
the Fly, The Interactive Atlas and Key to Australian Fly Families CD Rom
- Hamilton, J. et al. 2006. Brisbane : CBIT & ABRS.
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