This page contains pictures and information about Horned Treehoppers that we found in the Brisbane area,
- Three Horned Treehoppers
Members in Membracidae family have the enlarged pronotum extending back over the
abdomen between wings, which gives them the bizarre looking body shape. Many
species also have the pronotum extending forward so that they are horned. Some
may mimic thorns on their host plant.
They are small in size, under 10mm in body length. Adults and nymphs can be
found together on stems and new shots of their host plants. They feed by sucking
the sap of plants. They expel droplets of honeydew so are tended actively
by ants. All
of them jump when disturbed, so their name hoppers.
- All species of Membracidae in Australia are the member of the subfamily
Centrotinae, except the introduced Lantana Treehoppers which is subfamily
- Lantana Treehopper, Lantana
- Aconophora compressa, adult body length 8mm
- The above
pictures show the insects on the stem of a Lantana plants. They are introduced
from American to NSW and Queensland as a biological control agent of the weed
Lantana. More information and pictures please click here.
- Banksia Treehopper
- Crito festivus, Tribe Terentiini, adult body length 10mm
- Mid summer in Alexandra Hill, the Banksia plants was growing fast with new
shots. On every Banksia plant there were the treehoppers. The
insects mimicked the leaf buds of the plants. The treehoppers were black in colour with bright
orange and yellow. The black pronotum extended back over
the abdomen covered between wings. More
information and pictures please click here.
- Horned Treehopper
- Alosextius carinatus, Tribe Terentiini, nymph body length
5mm, adult body length
- The Horned Treehopper has the pronotum extending forward so it look
like having two horns. As other tree hopper, they rest on the young shots of
their host plants, suck sap for their living. More information and pictures
can be found in this page.
- Acacia Horned Treehopper
- Sextius virescens, Tribe Terentiini, body length
- Pictures taken in Yugarapul
Park during early summer. A group of Treehoppers were found on a young Acacia tree. Those Treehoppers were constantly attended by
ants. For more pictures and information please visit this page.
- Reference and link:
- 1. Insects
of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University
Press, 2nd Edition 1991, pp 473.
- 2. Family Membracidae
- Fletcher, M.J. and Larivière, M.-C. (2001 and updates).
- 3. That the Anal Whip is Used for Defense
- Dr Beetle's Wild Page,
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